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PROSTHODONTICS

The term "dental prosthetic" is used to describe any type of artifical teeth used to replace ones that have been damaged through injury or decay. Removable prosthesis (total or partial) is referred to as dentures. The disadvantage is its lack of stability and great discomfort.

Dental Crowns
A dental crown is a tooth-shaped "cap" that is placed over a tooth to cover the tooth to restore its shape and size, strength, and improve its appearance. The crowns, when cemented into place, fully encase the entire visible portion of a tooth that lies at and above the gum line.


Dental Bridge
Dental bridges literally bridge the gap created by one or more missing teeth. A bridge is made up of two crowns for the teeth on either side of the gap these two anchoring teeth are called abutment teeth and a false tooth/teeth in between. These false teeth are called pontics and can be made from gold, alloys, porcelain, or a combination of these materials. Dental bridges are supported by natural teeth or implants.

Bridges can:
  • Restore your smile
  • Restore the ability to properly chew and speak
  • Maintain the shape of your face
  • Distribute the forces in your bite properly by replacing missing teeth
  • Prevent remaining teeth from drifting out of position


  • When several adjacent teeth need to be treated, we fit a bridge on all the teeth concerned. When a tooth needs to be replaced and it is not possible to fit a dental implant, we fit a bridge supported by the two adjacent teeth. It's disadvantage is that two healthy teeth have to be cut and the bone under the tooth which is being replaced is reduced little by little, which is not the case with a dental implant.


    Zirconium Crowns
    Zirconium Crowns are made of zirconia or zirconium oxide, and are very tough and durable in nature. Since such crowns have several advantages over traditional metal and porcelain dental implants, many people these days prefer it. Zirconium based dental crowns are superior in structural strength reinforcement and aesthetic quality.

    Zirconium porcelain restorations provide an excellent fit and do not cause irritation and are non-allergenic. Furthermore, with zirconia you won't see any black line along the gum that you would with traditional metal fused crowns.

    Another benefit of zirconia is that it imitates the natural appearance of a tooth more than metal does. The look of zirconium crowns and bridges is so close to natural teeth that it is hard to tell the difference and it is this quality which makes it very useable within dental work. It is like natural teeth, can transmit light (translucent). Ordinary porcelain fused to metal (PFM) crowns can't do that.


            Zirconium crowns                         Porcelain Fused to metal (PFM) Crowns
    (under the light)

    Porcelain Laminate Veneers:
    Dentists use the term "veneer" to refer to a thin layer of restorative material placed on the surface of a tooth. Veneers are generally used to protect a damaged tooth surface. It is also widely used to improve the esthetics of your tooth. In fact, veneers are one of the options to dramatically change the look of your teeth.

    Porcelain veneers are a rapid, aesthetic, and safe way to correct unattractive front teeth. Porcelain veneers correct heavy permanent stains, teeth that are crooked, disproportionate, small (with spaces), and structurally damaged.

    VIDEO: porcelain laminate veneer


    Precision Attachment Dentures:

    Precision attachment denture is a type of removable dentures that is used in the absence of partial tooth. A precision attachment is a precision-machined male and female (key and lock) housing that connects a removable partial denture to fixed bridgework in cases where the fixed bridgework is not possible.

    Even though there are no locking mechanisms, a good precision attachment partial denture will not dislodge during normal function.

     


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    Update: 2.04.2020
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